Learn facts about its safety, FDA recommendations, and laws.
(electronic nicotine delivery systems)
What are they?
Also known as “e-cigarettes”, “mods”, “vapes”, “e-cigs”, “tanks’ or ENDS (electronic nicotine delivery systems).
Battery-powered devices that heat a liquid solution to a high enough temperature to produce an inhalable aerosol.
Users “vape”, instead of smoking.
Older devices look like regular cigarettes, others resemble cigars, pipes, or everyday items, such as pens, USB memory sticks, medical inhalers or lipstick.
Advertised by e-cigarette makers as safer than regular cigarettes, we do not know the long-term effects.
New to the market in 2007, now there are more than 450 device types and thousands of e-juice flavors.
2015, JUUL new high-nicotine device style that entered the market. Popular among teens. Nicotine salt flavor pods. One pod contains nicotine equivalent of 200 puffs on a cigarette or an entire pack of cigarettes.
Are they safe?
Because studies are limited, we do not yet know:
If these devices are safe
How much nicotine is in some of the liquids or flavor pods
What other chemicals they contain
The aerosol/vapor from e-cigarettes can contain tiny chemical particles.
The FDA (U.S. Food and Drug Administration) has not classified any e-cigarettes as safe or effective to quit smoking.
E-cigarettes contain ingredients, such as nicotine, that can be toxic to humans.
Nicotine is a highly addictive drug. Use of products containing nicotine in any form among youth, including e-cigs, is unsafe.
Nicotine affects the development of the brain's reward system and brain circuits that control attention and learning.
Can vaping help people quit smoking?
More research is needed to find out if vaping can help people quit smoking. Currently, no e-cigarettes are approved or recommended by the FDA as a smoking cessation product.
FDA approved products for quitting include: nicotine gum, nicotine skin patches, nicotine lozenges, nicotine oral inhaled products, nicotine nasal spray, and the medicines Zyban and Chantix.
What else do I need to know?
NH was one of the first states to prohibit the sale of e-cigarettes to minors under 18. Breathe NH and members of its New Hampshire Youth Network helped pass this law in 2010, House Bill 1541.
August 2016, regulatory authority of FDA was extended to cover e-cigarettes through the agency’s “deeming rule”.
Through the Family Smoking Prevention and Tobacco Control Act, FDA can establish product standards and regulate the manufacturing, importing, packaging, labeling, advertising, promotion, sale and distribution of e-cigarettes including components and parts of e-cigarettes.
July 2017, FDA extended the timeline for product applications to 2022